Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has emerged as a powerful tool for solving complex problems due to its capabilities to integrate, visualize, and analyze geographic data across domains and disciplines. An urgent need for balancing fundamental human needs with ecological capacity has compelled us to utilize geospatial technology for the sustainable future. This volume showcases GIS applications in transportation, water management, agriculture, seismology, archeology, and community development.
Part I highlights different GIS techniques: network analysis to optimize solid waste collection; spatio-temporal analysis of phone-call records to explore human mobility; spatial interpolation and overlay to assess water quality. Part II illustrates GIS applications in planning for future and reconstructing the past: how GIS is used to aid asset-building processes for sustainable community development, enhance the transport planner’s toolbox through visualization of transportation activities, and determine likely land pathways to transport megaliths. Part III exhibits integration of geospatial technology (GIS, GPS, remote sensing) for environmental monitoring and sustainable management of natural resources. Geospatial technologies are coupled with modeling to automate the pesticide spraying process and forecast pests; analyze the spatial patterns of seismicity; identify flood prone areas and assess groundwater potential. This volume provides a snapshot of current developments in the geospatial fields, and will be valuable to academics and practitioners in geography, planning, and sustainability science. (Imprint: Nova)